INCREASE OF WATER IN THE OCEANS
This water, the result of the introduction of hydrogen and nitrogen into our atmosphere, occasions many disasters of the first magnitude. I shall
say no more at this moment of the Ice Age (or Ages), but geologists agree that it coincided with earthquakes and terrestrial changes on an
enormous scale, which resulted in a tremendous flood. Earthquakes and terrestrial changes show from where the flood came. Again, in the
Bible and the Greek legends of the Flood we discover vast earthquakes and burnings (like that of Sodom and Gomorrah), in which rocks and
mountains fell on the giants, followed by a flood which covered all but the tops of the highest mountains. It must stand to reason that as the
earth's bulk must gradually increase by the addition of meteoric bodies and t he gases they bring, which condense into water or air, except for
such relief as is afforded by the sun's radiation, we must rather accumulate more water than less, whereas without such recruitment the ocean
waters would gradually evaporate.
Here we reach a point of some significance. The evidence that exists from sea soundings, and almost from the observation of our eyes, points
to greater sea depths. There is more water in the ocean basins and seas, with one or two exceptions, or more land in the ocean bed, than
formerly. The newspapers in England have recently shown, if not alarm, at least some nervousness, regarding the serious erosion round the
British coasts. Lowestoft complains that a sea wall is going, and a million tons of beach are gone. Along Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, and
Suffolk important historical towns like Ravenspur and Dunwich have disappeared. It is the same thing, with one or two exceptions, along the
south and west coasts, and it is claimed on reliable authority that the net losses in the land area of England now amount to a square mile per
annum. Greenland is said to be diminishing rapidly.
Heligoland is going and would have vanished before this had it not been artificially banked up. The position of the Polynesian Archipelagi is
particularly instructive. If this were the ancient continent called by Haeckel Lemuria, and whose prior existence I advance on the evidence of
volcanic chains and meteor flights (thus on an entirely independent basis), how is it that so great a land has sunk into the ocean? Earthquake
shocks? But do earthquakes swallow up lands? Can any concrete example be advanced of an earthquake that has submerged any body of
land? There is no historical record of such. Atlantis? It is certain that if this island existed, and so great a catastrophe as tradition relates did
occur, the resultant effect would be a vast tidal wave or succession of waves, and the enormous increase in water could and probably would
flood the land for a period. It is highly debatable, however, whether that or any other island was dragged down under the Ocean by seismic
shocks, for until it can be proved to the contrary the indications refute the possibility of any land surface being shattered by any seismic
It is not only possible, but probable, that the contrary action gave the same effect. If—as the Ice Age seems to suggest—vast volumes of water
have been liberated periodically and have drowned lands, Atlantis was submerged as the British Isles have been, and eventually returned
again as they have above the surface. In such circumstances large and low-lying tracts might never again appear above the surface, like the
forest lands off Devon and the St. George's Channel, formerly little more than a wide river, while the ocean currents would wash away the more
When, too, the superabundant waters had gradually found their level, it still remains likely that the waters of the ocean would continue at a
higher level than formerly. Is this not the case in Polynesia? The waters of the Pacific are higher than those of the Atlantic and are rising very
slowly. The view put forward, in short, is that earthquakes do not swallow lands, but the cause of earthquakes may drown them, and that the
same cause has added and still adds to the bulk of the oceans and seas.
MORE EARTHQUAKES INTRODUCE NEW ATMOSPHERICS
THE year 1926 was a bad year for meteoric phenomena in the sense that there was a succession of upsets and very little settled weather. It
came in like a lion and went out in the same bold bad manner. Let us seek the reasons for this.
FLOODS IN ENGLAND, JANUARY 1- 8, 1926
(a) On January 1 a sharp earthquake was felt in Innsbruck, Vienna, Buda-Pesth, and Northern Italy.
(b) On Sunday, 3rd, Venice suffered a shock.
(c) Simultaneously Mount Vesuvius went into eruption, reported 4th.
(d) On Wednesday, 6th, earthquake tremors felt in Liege and Namur, in Holland, Cologne, Neuss, Crefeld, and Frankfort-on-Main. Felt at a little
(e) At the same time Vesuvius started another eruption and had two cavities or craters erupting at once. Reuter reported that a "large crack"
had suddenly appeared on its western flank and near the base on the northern slope another rent had opened, while the sound of violent
explosions in the interior of the volcano was heard. The Vesuvius Observatory (Reuter) next day issued a communique saying that on the
western flank boiling lava was forming lakes and an incandescent torrent was flowing. On the northern side the outflow was slower but there
were several currents of lava, whose surge had reached the level of the crater.
(f) On Friday, 8th, shocks were felt throughout Italy. Near Siena, Tuscany, about a hundred houses were damaged and the shocks assumed
considerable intensity at Reggio, Calabria. (Daily Mail, January 9, 1926.)
(g) Same day (8th) Vesuvius' activity increased. The western crater was transformed into a lake of boiling lava and a torrent, about 15 feet wide,
descended the mountain at the rate of 12 feet per second. As is usual, it quickly coagulated. By the 14th the eruptions had ceased.
(h) In England on January 1 heavy rain fell everywhere, and by the 6th the Thames Valley from Oxford to Hampton Court was one great lake. The
downpour was described as tropical in intensity, and rain continued on 6th and subsequent days.
As usual, therefore, an earthquake or eruption in Italy evoked climatic response in the British Isles. Examination of the sequence of events in
Italy appear to indicate four separate but probably interconnected matters. The shock of January 1 had no repercussion in Vesuvius but met
with a response in weather conditions in Great Britain. It must be presumed to have been caused by a meteor which passed on but probably
distributed magnetic influences which drew in other smaller meteors. The shock at Venice and the eruption of Vesuvius, on the north side, was
a definite entity. So was the shock on the 6th, striking the volcano towards the western flank. It seems an inevitable conclusion that the 8th was
another and separate visitation. Thus we have four separate events, three centring around Vesuvius, to account for. The implication is that a
meteor stream traversed the earth's track at this time. From January 2 to January 4 we find tabulated the Quarantids, the Canerids, and the
Cygnids. As, however, these streams vary and become exhausted in a much shorter time than astronomers appear to realise, another possible
explanation may be forthcoming.
On New Year's Eve, the day before this series started, Ottawa observed a large and luminous meteor giving the impression of a man's figure,
reminiscent of the Antichrist Legend, of which so little is known although so much that is obscure survives. The Antichrist Legend states that
before the world of that time was largely destroyed by the impact of a vast star which fell on the earth, there appeared the Son of Man in the
Heavens, with the sign of the Cross.
A HUMAN METEORITE
"Ottawa, Thursday. A large luminous meteorite was seen to fall to earth in the vicinity of this city yesterday evening, leaving in its wake a man's
figure in brilliant outline, which remained for at least five minutes. It was seen by hundreds of citizens in the western sky. As it was seen in
other parts of the continent also, it is now believed that its fall was more distant than was at first thought." (Reuter, in Daily News, January 1,
It probably was! Had it been in the vicinity of Ottawa the citizens would have had good cause to be aware of the fact. But what was this meteor?
We shall have reason to see in due course that this earth of ours comes considerably closer to being shattered by collision with some celestial
body than most of us suppose. Maybe it is best to remain in ignorance, and bliss, and folly to be wise in these matters. The Ottawa meteor may
have been the parent of the following meteorites.
The next seismic event of 1926 worth mention was on May 24, when Mount Iwo, Hokkaido, Japan, burst into eruption after lying dormant for
many years. Nevertheless, two or three strange weather vicissitudes occurred in between which were not without significance. On Wednesday,
March 2, there was a serious electrical storm which cut out for a time Daventry's broadcasting. Also on Friday, 4th, another severe electrical
storm passed over London during the afternoon. The weather up to Wednesday had been warm and fine for March, but on that same day it
turned suddenly cold and blowing up a gale. On Friday, when the biggest electrical disturbance occurred, a bitterly cold north-east wind
brought snow to nearly every part of the British Isles. In many parts a severe north-easterly gale was experienced.
Electric or magnetic storms were coincident with new atmospherics introducing quantities of oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen which
condensed into snow and low temperatures.
On March 20 Plymouth recorded an earthquake. Somewhere undefined, for the estimate of the epicentre is always unreliable.
The weather before this was mild and summery for the season, but the 21st showed quite another face. The air turned icy, with a bitter north-
east wind, snow and hail were experienced in various parts of the country, and on the moors round Sheffield snow fell in conjunction with a
thunderstorm. What caused the north-east wintry gale? Was it related to Plymouth's seismic record? The Sunday Express of the 21st it would
seem solved the mystery. "A meteor of great brilliance suddenly lighted the countryside to the north-west of Harrow heights last night and
descended from the sky in a stream of incandescent fire," it said. An Elstree police officer stated that it resembled a ball of blue-green fire. At
Rickmansworth a police patrol was startled by the unusual illumination of the northern sky : "It was like a great firework the shape of a comet,
with a long train of sparks trailing behind," was the description given.
The great blue meteor, earthquake record, a sudden change of wind to north-east, cold, gales, snow—such is the sequence!
From June 26 to 29 a series of remarkable earthquake shocks were experienced in Rhodes, Alexandria, Cairo, Jerusalem, Crete and Italy ;
Singapore and Sumatra ; The Vosges, Rhodesia and California. This period is credited to the meteor stream and Cepheids. I can only term so
wide and catholic a field
THE PERIPATETIC EARTHQUAKE SERIES, JUNE, 1926
(a) On Saturday, June 26, Jerusalem experienced a shock during the night which was severe but did little actual damage. Rhodes and Candia
suffered severely. In Candia the museum and its contents suffered, and some 10,000 people were camping out in panic. In Rhodes more than
2000 houses were destroyed and the lighthouse on the southern extremity of the island was wrecked. Egypt suffered severe shocks felt at
Cairo and Alexandria. The seismograph at Helouan was thrown out of action by the violence of the shocks.
Naples, Sicily (in the Catania district), and Malta all suffered shocks at approximately the same time. Inhabitants of villages near Naples fled
from their homes and the prisons were emptied. At Catania the shocks were preceded by a "thick suffocating fog."
(b) Monday, 28th. Heavy shocks were reported by Reuter in Padang, Sumatra, and felt sharply in Singapore. At Padang the Governor's
residence and many European houses were badly damaged; at Solok buildings collapsed and many lives were lost, buried under the debris of
the town, which caught on fire. Altogether over 200 lives were lost in this earthquake, and simultaneously with it the Palang volcano was seen
with a column of fire above it. It should be noted that Singapore is situated about 250 miles north-east of this area in Sumatra.
(c) Tuesday, 29th. Several Californian coast cities were shaken, mainly in Sta. Barbara, Los Angeles, Ventura, and Sta. Monica. It was the
anniversary of the Sta. Barbara Earthquake and much apprehension was felt. No great damage was done.
An earthquake shock was reported from Salisbury, Rhodesia, on the same day and lasted for five seconds.
(d) The weather over this period was deplorable, with continuous and heavy rain. The Meteorological Office of the Air Ministry subsequently
stated that June 1926 was the first really wet June since 1912.
In the foregoing we seem to find no fewer than six independent earthquakes. Jerusalem and Cairo, lying along the same meridian N.E. to S.W.
of the Pole of the Ecliptic, may be considered as one; Rhodes-Candia was a second; Naples, Sicily, and Malta were a third ; on the Monday was
Singapore-Padang-Palang Earthquake; on the Tuesday California and Rhodesia, which could not own to any related origin.
It is curious that with all these reported shocks in only two at most could any definite impact or epicentre be discovered, the Rhodes-Candia
example affording evidence perhaps, though slight, of a definite crash, and the Sumatra example, which appears to have affected the volcano
The interpretation I should place on these peripatetic shocks is that a small meteor may have struck the earth in the Rhodes-Candia region
(Rhodes lying north-east of Candia), although such an impact should have been either reported as a major quake on one or other of the islands
or as a tidal wave at sea. There is not so much doubt about the reality of the Sumatra event, although here again there was no evidence of the
Talang Volcano as having gone into eruption, though it does not prove it did not.
Reports of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are usually sparsely reported unless a spectacular loss of life or property are associated with
them. Generally speaking it would seem that passing meteors crossed the track of the earth and in doing so dispersed some portion of their
gases, which reacted along those parts in the earth's bulge north of the equator and caused abortive earthquakes.
The Science Correspondent of the Morning Post of July 2, discussing this series, described their origin as "unsolved," and said that the
"cause of earthquakes are still a puzzle."
Experts, said this writer, were averse from expressing an opinion as to whether the "widespread disturbances were the result of coincidence
or the consequence of the effects produced by the original collapse." He went on to explain it to be generally held that a cause of upsetting
the earth's equilibrium may be a shifting in the weight of the earth's atmosphere above some weak spot, in which event a "collapse occurs,"
accompanied by three separate results, thus:#
"A wave of condensation and rarefaction is produced like a wave of sound, or like the to-and-fro movements of a concertina. There is another
vibration known as a shearing wave that moves at right angles to the direction in which the wave is travelling. Both of these pass through the
earth's substance, but owing to the difference in constitution of the earth towards its centre they do not follow a straight line but take a curved
course. A third distribution follows along the earth's crust and may travel round and round the earth, re-causing disturbance as it reaches the
original centres of the other parts where there exists a state of strain.
"A feature of the present disturbances is that they have occurred along what are believed to be independent lines of weakness, and there is
some doubt expressed as to how the collapse in one could have resulted in the collapse of another."
These hypotheses, it will be noted, are all based on the fundamental assumption that earthquakes are originated by a movement or adjustment
of the earth's interior, and on this mere hypothesis (which has also to maintain a theory of an incandescent core with an outer crust to allow for
these presumed adjustments) the events relating to an earthquake are made to agree. For instance, the concertina movement of the earth and
the shearing wave at right angles are stated to pass through the earth's surface. Correct enough, but to what distance? The experts do not
know. It may be 10 yards, 10 miles, or 1000 miles for all they can say. Then we are told that these movements take a curved course. But how can
they prove that this has the slightest relation to the difference of the earth's constitution towards its centre when they do not know what its
centre is? The explanation I give of the "curve" or movement from north-east to south-west is a scientific fact and the reasons for it fully
presented. The assumption that a movement may travel round and round like an automaton is as much guesswork as the alleged "state of
The "collapse" theory was nullified by the series I have been examining. As to the weight of the earth's atmosphere causing a "collapse" it
would need a lot of proof. Why should there be any "weight of atmosphere" when frequently before an earthquake the air is conspicuous by its
absence? An earthquake usually comes, as the saying is, "like a bolt out of the blue," as in fact it is, projected into a region of normal prior
atmospheric conditions. If "weight" were the cause the places where atmospheric pressure is the greatest, namely, often in the British Isles or
off Cape Horn, are where these earthquakes of violence should occur. The more the terrestrial-origin experts explain the less convincing they
The aftermath of the Peripatetic Earthquakes of June 1926 should be mentioned. The weather in Great Britain prior to the start of the series
was settled, sunny and generally fine, though the previous part of the month was bad. It shortly after dwindled away. On Friday, July 2, three
days after the Rhodesian Earthquake, a violent cyclone swept the Rhine Valley, and this was succeeded at the week-end by unusually violent
and destructive thunderstorms in Central and Western Europe. In England the weather in the south became cold and unsettled, although in the
north of Scotland to the Shetlands and in the west of Scotland it remained sunny and warm. The depression had drifted from the east to our
Also, on July 6, another severe earthquake was felt in Sumatra at Fort de Kock, near Padang, in which the deaths exceeded 400 and many
buildings collapsed. On the meteoric principle one earthquake releases magnetic materia and leaves behind a condition of weakness and
magnetic attraction which acts as a draw, or, let us say, as a decoy to the electric potentialities of a passing meteor. So many such events,
either earthquakes or eruptions, or both, are succeeded by another similar event that the principle of magnetic attraction becomes dominant.
At present I am concerned to show the atmospheric reaction to meteoric influences whether the latter may result in an earthquake, an
eruption, or both, or merely gases shed by a passing celestial body which condense and cause earth tremors, abortive eruptions, hurricanes,
storms, and disturbances generally. Thus, although 1926 was a very disturbed year, I will pass here the Bati Island eruption of August 2, 1926,
and other records concerning earthquakes and eruptions, except one or two outstanding incidents of that year which confirm the meteoric
principle as an atmospheric influence. I will now cite the evidence of the
ICELAND EARTHQUAKE, OCTOBER 25, 1926
(a) Violent earthquake shocks were experienced in south-west Iceland on October 25, 1926.
(b) A slight shock was also felt in Santiago, Chile. In neither case except for earth tremors did catastrophe result.
(c) The same day a "freak wind storm" swept down from New York to Philadelphia. The violence of the gale did much damage on sea and land.
(d) The new Beam Atlantic Wireless to Montreal from England was interrupted until night by an electric storm.
(e) Polar air currents experienced in Great Britain, thunder and lightning, torrential rainstorms and gales which began at night-time. The
electric storm set up a series of brilliant flashes which lit up the heavens for miles and were witnessed by thousands in London.
(f) The gales and storms were worst on the west coast. A blinding snowstorm occurred in North Wales, telegraph and telephone wires were
broken down, and trains were delayed. Northern Ireland and Scotland were swept by storms of hail, sleet, and snow, accompanied by thunder
and lightning, though the temperature was low. Churches were struck by lightning, and thunderstorms were experienced at Bude (Cornwall),
Swansea, Exmouth, Paignton, Newquay (Cornwall), Guernsey, and other places in the south-west. Ocean liners arrived late at Plymouth and
reported a terrific gale and high seas in the Atlantic. With all this there was frost and snow in the Midlands, Yorkshire Moors, and a blizzard in
the North Sea.
(g) The gale in Great Britain came from the north-west.
If these events are linked with the earthquake or tremors felt in Iceland, to the north-west of the British Islands, it can be understood why this
gale or series of storms struck the British Isles from the north-west. It also affords a very good reason not only as to the source of the extreme
atmospheric pressure but its extreme suddenness, within a few hours of the earthquake shock felt in Iceland. If a meteoric body passed over
Iceland from the north-east and struck the ocean beyond it may well be understood that the gases which the celestial body brought with it,
namely hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen, fell in the vicinity they did and at such a high speed with a great amount of magnetic atmosphere
projected simultaneously from the same direction, thus causing thunderstorms.
The same thing explains the "freak windstorm" in the Eastern United States at the same time. The meteor itself evidently did not strike the
earth or there would have been either a catastrophe on land or a tidal wave at sea. As, too, its apparent cause was N.E. to S.W., affecting
Iceland in the north and Chile in the south, it would appear that in this case the celestial traveller passed on after discarding these gases,
whose effects were felt in the manner indicated.
Such could, however, scarcely have been the explanation of the meteorological events of December 15-19, 1926, in Lisbon and Madeira, for a
tidal wave struck the latter island, 50 feet in height, with accompanying reactions of weather in the British Isles. The main points were these:
MADEIRA TIDAL WAVE, DECEMBER 15, 1926
(a) A 50 mile an hour hurricane struck Madeira on December 15, 1926, causing tremendous damage. A tidal wave 50 feet high cast on shore the
yacht Physalia, 6 motor launches, several coasting vessels, and 13 lighters, which were either thrown violently on shore or sunk at their
(b) This was simultaneous with a "submarine earthquake" or "volcanic eruption," for the Marconi station was greatly damaged and the
submarine cable service was also thrown out of action.
(c) Lisbon, December 19, 1926. Three earthquake shocks were felt on the Saturday and Sunday. The façade of the Central Station was cracked,
and many buildings and chimneys collapsed. Loud subterranean noises were heard, and the waters of the Tagus were greatly disturbed, fish
coming to the surface. A shock was at the same time, 2.39 p.m., experienced in Madeira.
(d) December 1926 in Great Britain was generally a fine, dry month, but prior to 18th it was cloudy with a few showers and the wind south-west.
On 18th the wind veered round to east, remained very fine but bitterly cold over country. At Geneva the same day a violent snowstorm with
wind reaching a velocity of 80 miles per hour ended the drought.
Consideration of the Madeira Tidal Wave, the subsequent shocks, and the cold spell in Great Britain may suggest that a meteor hit the Atlantic
somewhere between Lisbon and Madeira, set up the tidal wave, and incidentally laid a train of magnetic attraction along the field Lisbon-
Madeira, which led to the three abortive shocks on the Saturday and Sunday. Lisbon, as every seismologist knows, is one of the danger spots
and has been so ever since the terrible earthquake of 1755. At all events in the above my main purpose is once again to prove how
atmospherics are related to meteoric activity, and how peoples far removed from the epicentre or point of contact are affected. For instance, in
the above case the bitter cold spell caused many deaths in England from pneumonia, bronchitis, and other diseases, while many others were
on the sick list. The reason for it all may be attributed to the cause of the tidal wave at Madeira, so that by such ways are the inhabitants of the
world irrevocably linked together.
Millions of worthy United States citizens would hate to feel that a catastrophe in an out-of-the-way part of the Colombian mountains of South
America could render them homeless and ruined. What has Colombia or Ecuador or Chile to do with them? In point of fact the enormous Andes
range exerts a profound influence on Northern America as well as Southern. Let us come here to
THE COLOMBIA EARTHQUAKE, DECEMBER 29, 1926
(a) December 21. Mount Cumbral, at the base of the Western Cordilleras and between Columbia and Ecuador, burst into eruption.
(b) December 28-29. A big earthquake occurred on Columbian frontier near Cumbral. Towns of Ganchucal and Aldan destroyed. Naranjito almost
destroyed by fire and damage estimated at over a quarter of a million sterling. Trees in the Yagorral Valley levelled by the quake.
(c) December 29-30. Enormous rainfall and floods with icy-cold conditions suddenly occurred in Southern United States from West Virginia to
Mississipi, embracing Tennessee, Alabama, and Arkansas. In Nashville, Tennessee, icy winds swept the water-logged streets and 6000 were
rendered homeless in Nashville alone.
The upset in the atmosphere of the Southern United States, along the same meridian as Mount Cumbral and the Colombian towns desolated by
earthquake, was evidently linked together. I use the word "evidently" because several examples have been adduced in the preceding pages
to prove that earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are not merely local in their origin but are the effect of primary events of which atmospheric
changes play an important feature. An important part of any earthquake or volcanic eruption is the enormous and torrential downpour, as, for
instance, at the Tokio Earthquake of 1923, when it poured without ceasing for a fortnight. In fact it is by no means unusual during an earthquake
when a number of fires break out simultaneously to find them quenched by the succeeding and violent rain. If earthquakes or eruptions
originated in the bowels of the earth it is not easy to account for the huge quantity of rain. Why should a "landslip" above or under the sea
cause rain? It might possibly cause a slight vacuum in the atmosphere, although it is difficult to know why it should be so, but a deluge
accompanying the event and lasting for days if not weeks is inexplicable outside the principle of the meteor.
I must go on proving this until it is recognised as a scientific truth
Copyright RESONANCE BookWorks with The Estate of Comyns Beaumont 2012